Perhaps the most well known of Silk Road towns, Samarkand, fabled oasis on the fringes of the Kyzyl Kum Desert, has been settled since the 6th century BC. It has been visited through time by many of the world’s conquerors – Alexander the Great, Genghis Khan and Tamerlane, who made it his capital city and gathered the finest architects, builders and artisans of the time to enhance its beauty. Visit majestic Registan Square, the centerpiece of Samarkand and the most recognizable landmark for visitors. Survey the Bibi-Khanum Mosque, named after Tamerlane’s legendary wife; visit the Chorsu Bazaar nearby; and admire the avenue of 15th century mausoleums called Shah-i-Zinde. A World Heritage Site, Samarkand is called “Crossroads of Cultures” by UNESCO.
PUBLISHED: February 5, 2013