Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina, is remembered for several historic events. This area in the Sarajevo Valley surrounded by the Dinaric Alps has been settled since prehistoric times. The Ottomans made it theirs in the 15th century, but it belonged to the Austrian-Hungarian empire in 1914, when Archduke Ferdinand was assassinated here, setting off World War I. Since then it has been the location of the 1984 Winter Olympics and the site of the longest siege in modern history, lasting from April 1992 to February 1996. By 2003, most of the damage from the siege had been repaired and reconstructed.
PUBLISHED: July 22, 2013