Founded in 1374, Warsaw became Poland’s capital in 1596, when King Zygmunt III moved here from Krakow. For the next 200 years, Warsaw was beset on all sides by the Swedes, the Prussians and the Russians. The late 18th century was Warsaw’s “Golden Age,” under King Stanislaw August Poniatowski, Poland’s last king. Since then, except for a brief period between the two world wars, Poland was occupied until 1991, when the Soviet Union dissolved.
PUBLISHED: July 23, 2013